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A Profile of Tsushima shi (Tsushima City)
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Population and Households
The population of Tsushima was 41,230 in 2000, surveyed by a national census. It was 5.2% less than that of 1995. The population has been decreasing since 1960. The number of households is 15,038 and it hasn’t really decreased since 1980. That is to say, the number of nuclear families is increasing. The rate of elders (the ratio of elders who are 65 yea english.html rs old and over 65 years old to the population) is 22.8% of the total population, which is more than the average of Nagasaki Prefecture (20.8%) and the national average (17.3%).

Changes of the Population and Households by Age (National Census)
Unit:
Persons, Households
Division 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
Total Population 52,472 50,810 48,875 46,064 43,513 41,230
Juvenile
Population
(0-14)
14,449 12,845 11,615 10,050 8,352 6,834
27.5“ 25.3“ 23.8“ 21.8“ 19.2“ 16.6“
Productive
Population
(15-64)
33,028 32,528 31,376 29,264 27,145 25,001
62.9“ 64.0“ 64.2“ 63.5“ 62.4“ 60.6“
Elderly
Population
(65 years old and over)
4,995 5,437 5,884 6,735 8,016 9,395
9.5“ 10.7“ 12.0“ 14.6“ 18.4“ 22.8“
Households 14,760 15,176 15,232 15,164 15,169 15,038
Note: % in the table is the percentage to the total population by age.



Business and Industry
The results of the National census in 2000 showed 23.9% of people in Tsushima were employed in the primary industry, which was higher than the other areas (Nagasaki Prefecture: 9.6% and the whole country: 5.3%). Specially, fishery amounted to 82.6% of the primary industry, and it was the main industry of Tsushima. Therefore, the population in the secondary industry was 19.7%, and that of the tertiary industry was 56.4%, which was less than the average of Nagasaki Prefecture (secondary: 24.2% and tertiary: 65.8%).

However, the number of employees in the primary industry has been decreasing, and that of the secondary and tertiary industries has been slowly increasing.

There are squid fishery in the east Tsushima coast and the Sea of Japan, which are the main fishery in Tsushima. The output of squids amount 55.2% of that of Nagasaki Prefecture (agriculture, forestry and fisheries statistics.1999). Also, pole-and-line and trawling fishing for snappers and yellowtails, gathering turban shells, abalones and seaweeds, and fixed netting around the coast are popular. The fish-raising industry is also popular in Asowan (Aso Bay), which is a rias coastline, and the amount of pearl production is 53.7% of that of Nagasaki Prefecture (agriculture, forestry and fisheries statistics.1999).

However, the haul of fish has been decreasing year by year, and decrease of the number of workers in fishery has become a problem.

Forestry is blessed with timber resources, and amounts to 26.8% of that of Nagasaki Prefecture (1998). It follows after fishery in the primary industry. Timber used to be mainly produced, but it has been shifting to shiitake mushroom cultivation. However, decrease and aging of workers, insufficiency of successors, and low prices of timber and shiitake mushrooms has been decreasing the output of forestry.

Agriculture was a main industry in Tsushima until 1955’s, but like others in the primary industry, the number of workers has been decreasing every year. Therefore, production capacity of vegetables and rice within the island isn’t strong enough, and the shortage of them is supplied from outside of the island.

There is no particular specialty in the manufacturing industry, and the building industry takes up a high percentage. Asu area in Izuhara is one of the three biggest producing centers of ceramics in Japan, and produces 50,000 tons every year. Many of manufacturers are located in Izuhara and Mitsushima. Food, drink, ceramics, earth ware, stoneware, timber and wooden goods are the main products in the manufacturing industry, and the feature is many of them are small sized workshops.

The feature of commerce in Tsushima is high sales of retail trade in food and drink. Specially, Izuhara amounted to 56.0% of the annual commercial sales (commercial statistics. 1999) and thus, it is the main commercial area of Tsushima. Also, there are newly opened large sized retail shops in Mitsushima and Kamitsushima, and proceeds are increasing.

The number of tourists has been increasing, because of unique tourist resources in the history, nature and culture, and the regular international line between Tsushima and Korea. Also, events like Arirang Festival attract tourists.

Changes of the Number of Employees by Industry (National Census) Unit: Personsl
Division 1985 1990 1995 2000
Total Number of Workers 22,192 21,367 21,292 20,219
Primary Industry 7,454 6,190 5,621 4,832
33.6“ 29.0“ 26.4“ 23.9“
Secondary Industry 3,709 4,130 4,398 3,978
16.7“ 19.3“ 20.7“ 19.7“
Tertiary Industry 11,016 11,043 11,263 11,409
49.6“ 51.7“ 52.9“ 56.4“
Note: % in the lower column in the table by industry is the percentage to the total number of workers.
Incidentally, there are people who cannot be categorized by industry. Thus, the total number of workers and the total number of workers in each industry are not the same.




Transportation
Driving a private car is more common than public transportation in the island. The main road is Route 382, which connects north and south, from Izuhara to Hitakatsu via main city areas of each town. However, the other roads are often narrow, sharply bent or steep, and the maintenance is in need.

There are airplanes from Tsushima Airport and ferries and high-speed liners from Hitakatsu and Izuhara for the means of transportation to outside the island. The airline from Tsushima Airport opened in 1975, and, runs 5 round trips to Fukuoka and Nagasaki per day. The best number of airline users was 402,000 in 1996, and it was 375,000 in 2000.

There are regular ferry lines, which connect Tsushima and the main land of Kyushu, run a round trip (5 hours 20 minutes) between Hitakatsu and Hakata and 2 round trips (4.5hours via Iki) between Izuhara and Hakata. High-speed liners (jetfoil) run 2 round trips (2hours 10 minutes via Iki) between Izuhara and Hakata, and one of them run to Hitakatsu from 2001. High-speed liners also run between Izuhara/ Hitakatsu and Pusan in Korea as an international line. There were about 150,000 marine transportation users before, but 2 round trips by a jetfoil increased the number of them, and it was 182,000 in 2000.



Public Facilities
There is a good range of public welfare and sports facilities, by making full use of financial help from national and prefectural undertakings. There are also community centers and Toyotama public hall with 544 seats available.
There are 3 public hospitals in Izuhara, Mitsushima and Kamitsushima. Although there are 31 GPs in the island, there are 11 GPs in which doctors permanently stationed. Most of the time, GPs are run by support from public hospitals.


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